Anemia (aka anaemia) is a serious disorder that adversely affects your body’s red blood cell count. Without proper treatment, anemia will rob you of your energy and, over time, could lead to serious health risks.
If you or someone you love is anemic, then keep reading. Below, we’ll go over everything you need to know about this devastating disorder and share some helpful tips you could use to feel better right away.
1. What Is Anemia And How Serious Is It?
As mentioned above, anemia affects your body’s red blood cell count, which in turn reduces your body’s oxygen levels. There are two major ways people can develop this condition:
- Nutrient deficiencies
Out of these two, nutrient deficiencies are the most common reason for anaemia. Actually, about half of those diagnosed with this condition have low iron levels. Another nutrient anemic patients usually lack is vitamin B12.
Inherited forms of anemia are usually more severe than those caused by iron and/or B12 deficiencies. A few of these genetic forms of anemia include the following:
- Sickle cell anaemia
- Hemolytic anaemia
- Complication from bone marrow diseases
2. Watch Out For These Anemia Symptoms
No matter what form of anaemia you have, the most common symptom is chronic fatigue. A few other anemia symptoms include the following:
- Yellow Skin
- Heart palpitations
- Regular headaches
Usually, patients don’t realize they have a problem until these symptoms become severe enough to disrupt their daily lives. By that time, however, the disease has already progressed a great deal. The sooner doctors can diagnose anaemia, the better. This is why it’s crucial for everyone to get a physical check-up annually.
3. Who Becomes Anemic?
Of course, anyone can become anemic at any time, but there are a few groups that are more prone to this disorder than others. First off, females are more likely to get anaemia than males. Pregnant women are at an even higher risk. People over the age of 65 also have a greater chance of developing anaemia.
Patients with inflammatory gut disorders like Crohn’s disease often have difficulty absorbing key nutrients needed to stave off anaemia. Also, anyone who has a genetic link with another anaemia patient might also have an increased risk of developing this condition.
Unsurprisingly, it’s well-known that smokers, drinkers, and people exposed to airborne toxins on a regular basis are at an increased risk of developing this condition.
4. What Are The Diagnostic Procedures?
Since anaemia affects your red blood cell count, it should come as no surprise that most diagnostic procedures involve taking a sample of your blood. The most common of these tests is known as a CBC (short for “complete blood count“). Doctors use results from the CBC to better understand how many red blood cells are in your system.
There’s no gold standard for red blood cell levels, but results between 40-50 percent in men and 35-45 in women are usually considered healthy. Doctors will also ensure hemoglobin levels are in the teens.
Besides looking at these red blood cell levels, it’s also important for doctors to look at how these blood cells are shaped. Sometimes anemic patients have relatively stable red blood counts, but these red blood cells are severely damaged.
Once a doctor has diagnosed you with anaemia, s/he then has to figure out what form of the disease you have. This will require further testing to ensure you have healthy iron and B12 levels and are free from other serious diseases.
5. What Are Your Treatment Options?
Since there are many different forms of anemia, there are many different treatment strategies designed to help patients.
Most often people with vitamin and/or mineral deficiencies will be advised to take supplements. Blood transfusions are also a common treatment strategy for certain anemic patients (especially aplastic anemia and thalassemia).
Other treatment options could include:
- Injections of the hormone erythropoietin
- Immunosuppressant medications
- Bone marrow transplants
- Importance of Iron For Anemic Patients
So, why is iron such a big deal for anemic patients? Simple: healthy hemoglobin needs a ton of iron to function. Anemic patients usually don’t have a great deal of the protein hemoglobin in their system, which is a big problem for the bloodstream.
Hemoglobin is essential for transporting oxygen throughout the body. Indeed, without hemoglobin, your blood won’t have that healthy red color. Since plenty of iron is essential for high hemoglobin counts, it’s closely related to the health of red blood cells.
On a side note, vitamin B12 also plays many critical roles in the body, one of which is keeping red blood cells healthy. People who have anaemia often have a B12 deficiency or they aren’t able to properly absorb B12 in their foods. Thus, a diet high in both iron and B12 is essential for healing anaemia.
7. Best Foods For Anaemia
Now that we know the importance of iron and B12, it makes sense that anemic patients should incorporate foods high in these nutrients into your diet. Unfortunately, the greatest food for anemic patients is also one of the most unpalatable: liver.
That’s right, beef or chicken liver exceptionally high levels of iron and B12. Many anemic patients who add a few liver & onion dinners to their weekly routine report significant benefits in their mood and energy levels.
If you can’t stomach eating plain liver & onions, then consider mixing the liver meat in a soup or as a pâté.
Some other foods that are high in iron and/or B12 include the following:
- Grass-fed beef
- Grass-fed lamb
A few non-meat and non-shellfish sources of iron and/or B12 include:
- Swiss Chard
- Pumpkin seeds
While dark green, leafy veggies are beneficial for anemic patients, they do fall short compared with meat forms of iron and B12. This is why many people who go on vegetarian or vegan diets are at an increased risk of developing anaemia.
It’s very important for anyone on or considering going on a plant-based diet to talk with their health care provider about effective ways to avoid anaemia.
8. Worst Foods For Anemia
It’s equally important for anemic patients to avoid certain foods that interfere with the absorption of iron. For example, foods rich in chemicals known as tannins can get in the way of iron absorption. A few of these foods include: