Science Proves Spending Time Outdoors Helps Reduce Depression

Science Proves Spending Time Outdoors Helps Reduce Depression

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Humans have thrived by connecting with the great outdoors since the beginning of our existence. In our modern world, however, many of us have been largely cut off from nature. Sure, we have parks and our backyards to connect with the Earth, but most people don’t spend near enough time outdoors. The huge increase in urban living within the last century may explain the rise in mental and physical illness.

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Spending time outdoors provides humans with so many health benefits, not to mention, we need nature for survival. Studies have clearly documented that people who spend more time in nature have improved mental health and lower stress. In fact, a new study from researchers around the world revealed that more time spent in nature strongly correlated with reduced depression symptoms. This shouldn’t come as a surprise, though, as we evolved to live close to nature.

The study focused specifically on how nature affected people’s mental health during the pandemic. Of course, researchers found that people who ventured outdoors instead of staying inside during lockdowns had higher happiness levels. By immersing ourselves in nature, we can take a break from our screens and all our responsibilities for a while. It gives us a chance to recharge and allows our minds to focus on being instead of doing.

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Prior studies have shown that being outdoors in green spaces improves mental health by lowering stress and depressive symptoms. Nature also promotes a positive body image since people feel more connected to themselves and their environment. For this study, researchers wanted to analyze how the lockdown affected people’s mental state. Specifically, they took account of participants’ daily screen time, feelings of loneliness, and time spent outdoors.

Study showing how time spent outdoors reduces depression symptoms

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Researchers from Anglia Ruskin University (ARU) in the UK, the Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences in Austria, and Perdana University in Malaysia took part in the study. Researchers measured the happiness levels of 286 adults three times per day at random intervals over the course of 21 days. They used an experience sampling method to ask participants about their thoughts and feelings during their daily lives. This self-reported data allows individuals to provide information in real-time rather than relying on memory, which helps prevent recall biases.

Published in the Journal of Happiness Studies, the academics performed the study in April 2020. Austrian participants could only leave their homes for certain activities, including exercise. The study revealed that participants who spent more time outdoors than indoors had higher happiness levels.

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Furthermore, they discovered that people who logged more daily screen time had more feelings of loneliness and less happiness. Interestingly, though, those people who reported feeling lonely showed improvements by spending time outdoors. Lockdowns impacted people differently depending on their living situation and other factors. While the isolation made loneliness more intense, the study showed that nature eased this feeling, even if people went outdoors alone.

Co-lead author Viren Swami, Professor of Social Psychology at Anglia Ruskin University (ARU), said, ”While lockdowns can help slow down the transmission of COVID-19, research has also shown that prolonged periods of lockdown take their toll on mental health.”

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“Our results are important in this context because they show that being able to spend time outdoors under conditions of lockdown has a beneficial impact on psychological wellbeing. Being outdoors provides opportunities to escape from the stresses of being confined at home, maintain social relationships with others, and engage in physical activity — all of which can improve mental health.”

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