Dark circles are no fun. They stare back at you in the mirror, mocking you every time you try to cover them up. So, what causes dark under-eye circles? Here are 10 causes of those ugly dark circles you may not know about and how to get rid of them.
Studies show that a woman in the United States, on average, spends around $15,000 during her lifetime on cosmetics, with a large amount of that money spent on under-eye concealers. It’s no wonder dark circles make you look fatigued and older. Depending upon the person, dark circles can be caused by different things.
10 causes of under-eye dark circles
Sometimes your family history contributes to your under-eye dark circles, but other reasons come into play.
Hyperpigmentation is a description of the dark skin under your eyes. Hyperpigmentation is caused by melanin, an amino acid that’s responsible for darker skin color. Melanin helps you get a tan when you’re at the beach. Lack of oxygen to the blood vessels around your eyes is one cause of excess pigment under your eyes.
2 – Decreased blood circulation
As you age, you develop poor circulation and fluid build-up around your eyes, making that area look darker. It’s the oxygen-poor blood that causes the darkness you see under your eyes because the skin under your eyes is thin and fragile.
3 – Tiredness
Not getting enough sleep also contributes to dark skin under your eyes. Staying up too late then waking up early disrupts your sleep schedule. It’s important to keep a regular sleep routine for you to get completely rested.
You should get around 7 to 8 hours of sleep every night. Turn off all your electronic devices for several hours before you go to bed. The blue screens in these devices affect your sleep cycle, keeping you awake when you need to wind down before bed.
Find ways to relax before bedtime, like reading a book or taking a bath. As you relax, you will fall asleep quicker and stay asleep. A good night’s sleep also reduces your eye strain, which contributes to dark under-eye circles.
4 – Stress
When your body is stressed, it sends more blood to your organs to compensate. This makes your face look pale, and dark circles appear under your eyes. It’s like you’re wearing the stress on your face. Try exercising or yoga as a healthy way to reduce your daily stress.
5 – Allergies
If you have nasal congestion from allergies, it triggers dark circles under your eyes. The congestion from the allergies affects the small veins under your eyes, making them look swollen and puffy. Blood pools in these areas, dilating the veins, so you get dark circles. Colds and sinus infections will do the same thing. If you think you have allergies, try to figure out what’s causing them. The most common sources of allergies include
- Outdoor pollen, hay fever, or seasonal allergies
- Mold, pet dander, or dust mites
- Food allergies
- Smoke, chemicals, or scents
6 – Poor diet
It’s easy to focus more on how to get rid of the dark circles under your eyes than what’s causing them. A huge contributing factor can be your diet. If you’re not getting proper nutrition, you won’t look your best. Here is a list of foods you may need to add or eliminate from your diet to minimize the dark circles.
Not enough iron in your diet:
Iron boosts healthy red blood cells. Lack of iron in your diet causes anemia. A classic symptom of anemia is dark under eye circles. You’ll also feel extremely fatigued. Foods that have a lot of iron include:
- Leafy greens
- Lean beef
Not enough vitamin K:
This vitamin causes your blood to clot. If you don’t get enough of this vitamin, there may be blood leakage in the tiny capillaries around your eyes, so the area looks dark, almost bruised. Sources of vitamin K include
- Leafy greens
- Olive oil
- Canola oil
Not enough vitamin C:
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that protects your skin from damage. These things contribute to wrinkles and hyperpigmentation as you age. Eat these vitamin C abundant foods.
- Kiwi fruits
What you may need to limit in your diet.
If you eat too much salt in your diet, your body retains fluids. This causes puffiness and blotchiness under your eyes. Avoid foods like bacon, canned soups, processed meats, and fast foods since they contain a lot of sodium. Doctors recommended you eat 2,300 mg of sodium a day to stay healthy. Read food labels. Salt your food during preparation, not during your meals. This cuts back on the salt.
Excess caffeine or alcohol:
Drinking too much soda, coffee, or iced tea increases your chances of becoming dehydrated. Being dehydrated contributes to under eye dark circles.
7 – Health conditions
If you have thyroid disease, you’ll get dark circles under your eyes. This is because thyroid disease influences fluid retention around your eyes. The skin under your eyes gets pulled down and puffy looking.
8 – Eyestrain
After a long day of studying your computer screen, your eyes feel tired. This puts a strain on the blood vessels under your eyes, making the bulge and causing the fragile skin under your eyes to turn dark. Be sure to take breaks from your computer to relax your eyes. You can also do eye exercises to rest your eyes and stimulate blood circulation under your eyes to avoid darkness under your eyes.
9 – Sun exposure
Being out in the sun boosts vitamin D, but it also causes dark circles under your eyes. Sun exposure increases the melanin in your skin pigment, especially around your eyes, because that’s where your skin is thin. Wear sunscreen and sunglasses when you’re outside in the sun to avoid too much melanin around your eyes.
10 – Dehydration
If you’re dehydrated, you’re apt to have dark circles under your eyes. The fragile skin under your eyes will look dark and dull. It’s recommended that men have at least 3,000 mL (around 13 cups) fluids per day, and women should have 2,200mL (9 cups) fluids per day. Here are a few tips to ensure you drink enough fluids every day.
- Don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink fluid. This typically means you’re already dehydrated.
- Sip water between bites of food at meals
- Drink a glass of water when you take pills
- Drink a full glass of water before exercise
- Use moderation when drinking alcohol since it can dehydrate you.
How do you reduce dark under eye circles?
You can do some practical things at home to get rid of the dark circles under eye circles.
1 – Decongestant
If you suffer from allergies that cause nasal congestion, try taking a decongestant to help relieve the puffiness and dark under your eyes. Nasal sprays are also effective in reducing congestion. If possible, try to determine what you’re allergic to and remove or reduce the allergen in your home.
2 – Moisturizer
Every night before bed, wash your face to remove any makeup, dirt, or dust, then smear an eye moisturizer under your eyes. Ingredients like vitamin C or retinol are good to eliminate dark circles.
3 – Cold spoon therapy
Another popular dark circle remedy is putting cold spoons under your eyes. Leave the spoons under your eyes for 30 minutes. The coldness reduces inflammation and puffiness. Under-eye masks or patches work well too.
4 – Don’t smoke
Smoking affects your skin cells, causing them to break down, so you have wrinkles and dark circles under your eyes. Smoking makes you look older and haggard.