“Don’t believe everything you hear – even in your own mind.” – Dr. Daniel Amen
Most people that have to deal with anxiety and depression are unable to provide an exact reason to why they were afflicted in the first place. Aside from an individual experiencing a traumatic event (war, death of a loved one), comprehending what exactly happened to cause anxiety and depression is often a futile endeavor.
In most instances, depression and anxiety does not have a single cause. Medical professionals state that depression and anxiety surfaces from “a mix” of factors: genes, past experience, current circumstances, and others.
Understanding the reason why one is suffering from chronic depression and anxiety is not the most important thing. It is important that people with the disorders understand that it is not their fault. Depression and anxiety is a mental disease; and similar to physical diseases can affect anyone.
Certain lifestyle choices of experiences, however, can contribute to – or directly cause – depression and anxiety. The condition may be acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term); it all depends on the “mix” we discussed earlier; knowing this is a source of power, as we can counteract some of the things that instigate the conditions.
Here are 7 common lifestyle causes of depression and anxiety:
1. Substance Abuse
People abuse substances such as recreational drugs and alcohol for a number of reasons. Substance abuse is a habit that may form at any time, including childhood and teenage years.
Drugs and alcohol “rewire” the brain’s neurochemistry; disrupting normal communication between neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are the brain and body’s “communication chemicals” that control every physical and psychological experience.
Individuals susceptible to depression and anxiety who engage in drug use are more likely to develop mental illness.
Becoming exhausted because of too much of a heavy workload causes stress reactions within the body. Most people today concede that they’re at least moderately impacted by stress caused from work.
When the brain is exposed to chronic stress, it’s delicate chemical balance is interrupted. Again, those individuals prone to anxiety and depression for whatever reason – and are exposed to long-term stress – are prone to anxiety and depression.
3. Grief and Trauma
A common talking point in the news is the prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in military members. Being a witness or victim of violence of any kind can trigger a biological reaction that evolves into full-blown anxiety and depression.
Feelings of grief following the death of a loved one or friend, though uncomfortable, can serve as a good healer. However, prolonged grief in susceptible demographics can cause mental health issues.
4. Health Conditions
People diagnosed with untreatable health conditions may be at an increased risk of becoming depressed. Age-related illnesses or diagnoses of terminable condition such as Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s, cardiovascular disease, or cancer often induce feelings of panic and helplessness; of course, prolonged exposure to these feelings can manifest into anxiety and depression.
It is also worth mentioning that the changes of an anxiety/depression diagnosis increases with age, per WebMD.
5. Sudden and Stressful Changes
During the infamous Wall Street Crash of 1929, which led to the loss of billions of dollars and laid the foundation for the Great Depression, 23,000 people committed suicide – at the time, the highest number of suicides ever in one year.
While the number of people who killed themselves due to anxiety and depression cannot be ascertained; it is fair to assume that the mental illness had played a role.
6. Poor Self-Image
Finding accurate statistics and facts people with low self-image (self-esteem) is quite difficult. Across sources, a few common outliers:
– Females are more likely than males to have self-esteem issues
– People with self-esteem problems are more likely to engage in behaviors considered a health risk (smoking, alcohol and substance abuse, poor diet)
– There is a correlation between negative self-image and suicide
A continually negative picture of oneself can lead to obsessive thought patterns; about appearance, money, reputation, and so on. In a worst case scenario, the brain’s neurochemistry is altered, producing depressive and anxious symptoms or conditions.
7. Isolation or Rejection
As human beings are naturally social creatures, we require social interaction to function properly. Human beings also long for intimacy; another person to care for, love, and support them.
Isolation, voluntary or involuntary separation from other human beings; and rejection, refusal of others to accept or consider you as part of something, are counterintuitive to the brain’s innate social cognitive functions. As a result, the brain adopts opposing thought processes, and forms neural networks, that disturb it’s natural chemistry.
In short, isolation and/or rejection can lead to a neurochemical imbalance that manifests into anxiety and depression.
Should you or someone you know potentially suffer from an anxiety or depression-related illness, there are a variety of effective treatment options available.
Therapists, support groups, medical professionals, and many others are there to help resolve the issue.
In other words, you are not alone. Don’t be afraid to get help!
Anxiety and Depression Association of America. (2016). Substance Abuse Disorders. Retrieved March 23, 2017, from https://www.adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/related-illnesses/substance-abuse
Babbel, S., Ph.D. M.F.T., (2016, March 11). Rejection Hangover: Abandonment Anxiety. Retrieved March 23, 2017, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/somatic-psychology/201603/rejection-hangover-abandonment-anxiety
Nemade, R. Ph.D., Staats-Reiss, N. Ph.D., Dombeck, M. Ph.D., (2007, September 19). Lifestyle Factors And Environmental Causes of Major Depression. Retrieved March 23, 2017, from https://www.mentalhelp.net/articles/lifestyle-factors-and-environmental-causes-of-major-depression/
Trueman, C.N., (2016, August 16). Wall Street Crash of 1929 and its aftermath. Retrieved March 23, 2017, from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/modern-world-history-1918-to-1980/america-1918-1939/wall-street-crash-of-1929-and-its-aftermath/
WebMD. (2017). Substance Abuse and Addiction. Retrieved March 23, 2017, from http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/default.htm
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