No one wants to have blemishes on their skin, but it sometimes seems beyond your control.
There are things you can do to prevent them, though, and you can diminish the appearance of ones you already have. Blemishes are not all the same, so it is essential to learn more about what you have going on.
A blemish is any spot, mark, or flaw on your skin. There are many types of skin flaws, from acne to papules and age spots. Each kind is caused by something different, although some of them share similar causes or triggers.
Some blemishes are caused by viruses, infections, medications, or genetics. Other things that might cause skin flaws include sun exposure, age, clogged pores, and the things you eat or drink. The key is to determine which type of blemish you are working with and then find ways to prevent them.
Different Types of Blemishes
No matter what kind of breakouts you are prone to, there are things you can do. The tips discussed below are practical ways to prevent blemishes. Plus, most of the tips will help reduce any imperfections you currently have.
Acne is one of the most common skin flaws, and many people struggle with it. Pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads are all considered acne, and they may all appear at once. Acne occurs when oil, bacteria, or dirt clogs hair follicles.
Sometimes, acne is caused by hormonal changes such as pregnancy or medication changes. Acne is worsened if you are stressed, too, because it increases oil production.
While papules are a type of blemish, the size and colors vary from case to case. Sometimes, pimples are considered papules, along with chickenpox, eczema, psoriasis, shingles, and dermatitis.
Nodules are bigger and harder than papules, and they are made up of a collection of tissue. The colors vary, and they can appear anywhere on your body. Two examples of nodules are skin tags and warts.
Age spots are small, dark spots that appear on skin that has been exposed to the sun regularly. While they don’t cause papules or nodules, they do cause discoloration of the skin.
Most often, age spots occur in those over the age of 50, but they can appear in younger people, too. The more often you are in the sun without sunscreen, the earlier you could develop these spots.
Believe it or not, ingrown hair can be the cause of skin flaws. These hairs can occur due to tweezing, waxing, and shaving. Ingrown hairs cause large, fluid-filled cysts that can vary in color and are painful.
Cysts appear beneath the skin and vary in size. They are filled with fluid and are normally harmless, although uncomfortable, painful, and unsightly if they are large enough. Different kinds of cysts include epidermoid, ganglion, and sebaceous cysts.
Scars of any kind are considered blemishes, and they are preventable. They appear when the dermis layer of skin is damaged, which can happen by popping pimples or picking at breakouts. The dermis layer is where your blood vessels, sweat glands, hair follicles, and nerve endings are.
Any instance of skin discoloration is a blemish. It could cause an uneven skin tone or dark patches on your skin. Discoloration generally happens when your body produces too much melanin. Some instances that cause an overproduction of melanin include:
- excess sun exposure
- not using sunscreen when in the sun
- acne scars
- hormonal changes
Skincare Tips That Help to Prevent Blemishes
Here are some practical things that you can try at home.
1. Try Over-the-Counter Acne Medications
If you are prone to acne, many over-the-counter products can help prevent and reduce breakouts. These products can help with whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples. Different products work for different people, so you may have to try a few before you find a favorite.
Many all-natural products are available in stores and online. There are many options to choose from, meaning that there is something for everyone.
2. Find Positive Ways to Cope with Stress
When you are stressed, your body overproduces oil-enhancing hormones. An overproduction of oil can make skin flaws worse and can cause more breakouts. Find something that helps decrease your stress levels, and you will quickly find that your skin improves.
3. Use Moisturizer
It is essential to keep your skin hydrated if you want to prevent skin flaws. Moisturizers are great for this, but make sure you choose one that doesn’t contain oil or fragrance. Use a moisturizer every time you wash your face, and you can also use it whenever your skin feels dry.
4. Try Witch Hazel
This natural remedy reduces inflammation and can help reduce and prevent acne. You can buy Witch Hazel in many stores, and some face washes contain the ingredient.
5. Drink Plenty of Water
Dehydration can cause your body to overproduce oil which leads to breakouts. Being dehydrated can also cause skin inflammation and redness. To prevent this problem, drink enough water to stay hydrated.
You should drink at least 64 ounces of water each day, but more might be necessary. If you exercise or do anything strenuous, you will need to drink even more than that.
6. Protect Your Skin from the Sun
The sun can cause serious skin problems and many types of skin flaws. It is essential to use sunscreen anytime you go outside, especially if you know you will be in the sun. Wearing a hat and sunglasses will help, too.
Remember that the sun dries your skin out, and dry skin is a cause of skin flaws, too. Look for an oil-free sunscreen so that your pores don’t get filled with excess oil. Many facial moisturizers contain SPF, but not enough for prolonged exposure to the sun.
7. Give Your Skin a Break from Makeup
Makeup clogs your pores and can cause breakouts. When you can, don’t wear makeup at all. Putting makeup overtop of blemishes you already have can make them worse, too.
If you must wear makeup, pay attention to the ingredients in your favorite brands. Avoid any that are oily or greasy, and try not to use a heavy foundation.
8. Address Your Diet
Surprisingly, the things you consume play a role in your skin health. Pay attention to when breakouts occur and think about what you were eating in the days leading up to it.