Science Explains What Sleep Paralysis Does To Your Body (And Why It Happens)

Science Explains What Sleep Paralysis Does To Your Body (And Why It Happens)

sleep paralysisHealth

Sleep paralysis is the sensation of being conscious but physically unable to move. It occurs when a person passes in between the two stages of wakefulness and sleep.

Of all the weird sensations that one can experience, perhaps there is nothing stranger than being unable to move, more specifically, not being able to move while being consciously aware of one’s surroundings.

If You’ve Ever Awakened At Night Unable To Move, Here’s What It Means…

Sleep paralysis is a strange and potentially frightening phenomenon. Essentially, the person experiencing sleep paralysis can’t move any body part. Still, it remains conscious. Those that experience sleep paralyses are often terrified. That’s an understandable reaction to not having voluntary control over one’s movements.

Fortunately, this is a relatively common occurrence and does not cause any physical harm to the body. Sleep paralysis happens during one of two stages -“hypnagogic” and “hypnopompic.” Hypnagogic sleep paralysis occurs before falling asleep, while hypnopompic sleep paralysis occurs as one wakes from REM sleep.

As we fall asleep, our body becomes deeply relaxed while our minds become less aware. However, when hypnagogic sleep paralysis occurs, the mind remains aware while the body achieves an involuntary state of relaxation. The person then realizes that they’re unable to move despite their efforts, often leading to feelings of panic.

During REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, our muscles are paralyzed, so we don’t act out our dreams. When one experiences hypnopompic sleep paralysis, a specific part of the brain wakes sooner. This wakeful state does not affect the part of the brain responsible for REM paralysis, however. The result is a certain degree of wakefulness and no voluntary control over muscles.

sleep paralysis

Who does sleep paralysis happen to?

Some people are fortunate enough to experience this situation just once or twice in their life, if ever. Unfortunately, some people experience this phenomenon often – even multiple times a week. A study undertaken at Penn State University discovered that approximately 8 percent of the population has frequent issues with sleep paralysis. Individuals with mental disorders, such as anxiety and depression, are more prone to frequent episodes of sleep paralysis.

People affected by sleep apnea; people on specific types of medication, and those with an underlying sleep condition may experience more frequent episodes of sleep paralysis.

Here is a list of some of the most prominent risk factors.

  • Lack of sleep
  • Frequent changes in sleep schedule
  • Mental conditions, such as stress or bipolar disorder
  • Sleeping on the back
  • Sleep problems such as narcolepsy or nighttime leg cramps
  • Certain types of medication, such as those with ADHD
  • Substance abuse

What are the symptoms?

Under almost every circumstance, individuals who experience sleep paralysis is unable to move or speak from a few seconds to a few minutes. As mentioned, this usually occurs during the initial stages of falling asleep and almost immediately after waking up.

While sleep paralysis often requires no treatment, a doctor may further inquire into other areas that pertain to sleep health. Should sleep conditions linger or worsen, the medical professional may then refer to a sleep specialist.

sleep paralysis

Final Thoughts. Seeking out treatment for sleep paralysis?

Because this sensation occurs naturally, there is generally no prescribed treatment. However, a treatment regimen may be in order if a medical professional detects an underlying condition in the diagnosis process. Such prescribed treatments are:

  • Implementation of a sleeping schedule
  • Prescription for an anti-depressant
  • Referral to a mental health professional
  • Referral to a sleep specialist
  • Treatment of any underlying sleep disorders
  • Prescription for sleeping aids

Oftentimes, making adequate sleep a priority while limiting unnecessary stress (especially before bedtime) will suffice as a deterrent to sleep paralysis. Because of the enigmatic nature of the condition, the effectiveness of formal and informal treatments to alleviate it is ambiguous at best.

As a rule of thumb, one episode does not usually mandate a trip to the doctor’s office. Health professionals recommend that those with rare episodes of sleep paralysis pay particular attention to their sleeping habits, as sleep deprivation almost assuredly increases the likelihood of an episode.

Other recommendations include avoiding or severely restricting alcohol/drugs, nicotine, and caffeine. It’s also recommended to keep electronic devices out of the bedroom to establish healthy sleep patterns.

Of course, a sleep paralysis episode may occur regardless. If that’s the case, remember to stay calm and realize it will pass.

8 thoughts on “Science Explains What Sleep Paralysis Does To Your Body (And Why It Happens)

  1. When I was still in college, I had this problem. I will experience sleep paralysis once or twice a week. So scary and all I thought that Im going to die early because of this. I had an acidic tummy. But then my board mate told me to just drink a glass of water before sleeping. It solved the problem.

  2. I had two such incidents in the previous weak. However, being Muslim, I was able to recite some verses of Quran. and Wow, it all disappeared during both of the incidents. To me I was just realizing that some sort of Ghost is over me that is not letting me to move and then I begin to recite the famous verse of the holy Quran known as Ayat ul Kursi and to my surprise it disappeared as I was about to finish the verse. It made my faith in Allah more stronger.

  3. I have experienced this many times and initial was pretty scared. I now manage this simply by telling myself that I am having a episode, relax and it soon passes. It works!

  4. It’s very scary I experience it maybe twice a month or more. And I don’t drink alcohol or use any type of a drug. Mostly it occurs after sleep deprivation or just before I woke started way back,since I was a teenager and now I am over 30.

  5. Hello All,
    I had suffered in this 2 twice in my life. I am 26 years now from India.
    My granny took me to a mosque(Muslim temple). Even tho i am a Hindu.
    I was all sorted… If you have no solution for this – please visit a mosque and tell your problem to priest. They will definitely help you.

  6. I was very disappointed to see that you did not mention narcolepsy until the last part of the article. It is a significent part of the disorder with long-lasting effects. I know. I have it.

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