Science Explains 10 Reasons People Get Foot Pain

Science Explains 10 Reasons People Get Foot Pain

foot painHealth

Your feet carry you throughout the day. Aches and pains might appear normal after a long day at work, exercise, or play. Foot pain isn’t always normal though. It could be the sign of another condition you’re overlooking.

Understanding Your Foot

The foot is a marvelous part of your body. Your foot contains 26 bones, 18 ligaments, 40 tendons, 20 muscles, over 200,000 nerve receptors, and 30 joints. Double those numbers to account for both of your feet.

Pain can be on the surface or radiate from deep within. Your pain can be linear, meaning occurring on both feet at once. It could also only affect one foot.

Daily wear and tear alone can cause aches and conditions, such as blisters, corns, and bunions, which increase the pain you feel. However, pain in your feet can also signal an underlying condition.

Top 10 Symptoms of Foot Pain

Your symptoms might vary depending on the cause. Some complaints are worth contacting your doctor for evaluation, but many of these you can treat at home.

1. Swelling, including toes and ankle

2. Tingling sensation

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3. Numbness

4. Sharp, shooting pain

5. Dull ache

6. Blisters, warts, eczema, rash, or broken skin

7. Cramping

8. Sensation of an object lodged in your foot

9. Inflamed skin

10. Tightness when flexing the foot

10 Causes and Treatments for Foot Pain

1. Ill-fitting Footwear and High-heeled Shoes

Second to wear and tear for causing pain is wearing the wrong footwear for your feet. They might be the wrong size, width, or style for your feet. This leads to pain after short or prolonged wear.

Symptoms

• Blisters
• Pinching of the toes
• Pain anywhere on the foot, toes, and ankle

Treatment:

• If you have blisters, keep them clean and let them heal.
• Soak sore feet in warm water, Epsom salts, and 10-20 drops essential oil.
• Ditch the shoes.

You cannot alter the majority of shoes aside from using inserts, which could help if the issue is arch support. However, you cannot make shoes that are too small or large fit your feet better. Don’t believe a slightly tight shoe will expand with wear. The material and stitching on a shoe determine the stretch.

Be sure to have your foot professionally measured when possible. Try on shoes before leaving the store. Don’t wear the same shoes every single day.

2. Extensor Tendinitis

These tendons help your feet flex, so an injury to one can lead you with a tightness and pain that develops over time. A major cause of extensor tendonitis is prolonged periods on your feet. The second cause is wearing tight shoes.

Symptoms:

• Pain on the top of your foot that worsens with use
• Stiffness
• Weakness

Treatment

• Rest
• Ice therapy
• Stretching exercises, such as calve stretches
• Foot massage with pain relieving essential oils, like eucalyptus or lemongrass (1)

Severe cases might require physical therapy, steroid injection, and over-the-counter pain relief medications. Don’t forget, you can try alternatives to pain medication too. Speak with your doctor if remedies don’t bring you relief.

3. Foot Injury

Common foot injuries include:

• Broken bone
• Sprain
• Strain
• Stress fracture

You will need to visit your doctor for a correct diagnosis. Unless you have a compound fracture, you might be unaware if you’ve experienced a broken bone or fracture. Your doctor will likely order an x-ray to rule one out, as treating a break requires special treatment different from a sprain or strain.

Symptoms:

• Swelling
• Pain when the foot flexes
• Pain when you apply pressure
• General shooting pain
• Throbbing
• Redness

Treatment:

Your treatment will vary depending on the cause.
• Casting for breaks might be necessary to mobilize your joints and allow your break to mend
• Physical therapy
• At-home stretches and strengthening exercises
• Wrapping with an ACE bandage
• Ice therapy
• Rest with elevation

Sprains, strains, and breaks can take weeks or months to properly heal. Rushing your recovery will likely lead to re-injury or worse. In severe cases, you might require surgery too.

4. Arthritis

Types of Arthritis that Cause Foot-related Pain (3):

• Osteoarthritis
• Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
• Septic arthritis
• Psoriatic arthritis
• Gout (4)

Different types of arthritis affect your feet differently. You’re already at risk for foot related pain if you’ve been diagnosed with arthritis. For many, this could be the first symptom that leads to their diagnosis, so it’s important not to ignore it.

Symptoms

• Pain at varied degrees
• Stiffness
• Weakness
• Nodules
• Swelling of the toes or ankle

Treatments:

• Rest with elevation for swelling
• Foot rubs with pain relieving essential oils
• Foot soaks
• Ice or heat therapy
Prevention is the best medicine if you have arthritis, but you can’t stop all pain. Take care of your feet. Rest them and pamper your tootsies whenever possible.

5. Flat Feet

Roughly 25% of adults have flat feet or fallen arches. Three subtypes of the condition further explain why the feet are flat: flexible flat foot, short Achilles tendons, and post tibial tendon dysfunction. The latter might affect one or both feet. (5)

Some conditions can cause flat feet too, such as muscular dystrophy, obesity, and diabetes. It’s also hereditary.

Symptoms:

• Pain after walking or standing
• Calluses
• Stiffness
• Numbness
• Pain in lower legs and/or ankles

Treatment:

• Orthotic inserts
• Foot massage and soaks
• Weight loss if possible
• Surgery in some cases

Over-the-counter medications can alleviate pain, swelling, and stiffness if remedies don’t work. Orthotic inserts generally help most teens and adults with flat feet. However, you’ll have to visit a professional to have them designed for your feet; OTC inserts seldom help and can worsen pain.

6. Plantar Fasciitis

Your plantar fascia is ligament in your foot. It’s responsible for supporting your arch and assists you as you walk, jog, or run. It takes a beating from everyday use. Pain can occur in one or both feet.

Obesity is a leading risk factor for plantar fasciitis. Long distance runnings and jobs that demand you remain on your feet constantly can lead to it. Pregnancy can also cause the condition, which generally clears after delivery.

Symptoms

• Dull to sharp pain on the mid-bottom of your foot
• Might be worse in the morning or after sitting for prolonged periods
• Might flare after physical exertion but not during
• Burning sensation

Treatment

• Ice therapy
• Arch supports
• Stretching exercises and/or physical therapy (6)
• Braces
• Pain relieving essential oil massage or foot soak
• OTC anti-inflammatory medication
• Surgery is rare

7. Peripheral Neuropathy

Some conditions can put you at greater risk for peripheral neuropathy, which affects the nervous system. Pain, discomfort, or numbness can present in multiple areas because it’s not centralized to your feet. However, your feet are a common place where symptoms begin. (7)

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Symptoms

• Tingling
• Tightness around the foot when wearing nothing
• Stabbing, sharp pain in your feet
• Numbness in your feet and toes
• Excessive sweating
• Difficulty digesting food
• Constipation or diarrhea
• Lowered blood pressure

Treatment

• Address the underlying condition
• Braces
• Orthopedic shoes
• Prescription medications
• Topical creams containing capsaicin from hot peppers
• Dietary supplements, such as vitamin E, B complex, and omega-3 fatty acids (8)

Diabetic-related Peripheral Neuropathy

Diabetics should never ignore abnormalities with their feet. You should seek diagnosis and foot pain treatment methods through your doctor.

8. Metatarsalgia

This painful inflammation affects the balls of your feet. Its name comes from the five bones connected to your toes or the metatarsal bones. If you partake in running or sports that require jumping, you might be at risk.

However, regularly wearing ill-fitting shoes, high-heels, arthritis, and foot abnormalities can also cause it.

Symptoms

• Feels like you have something in your shoe
• Burning sensation at the ball of your foot
• Tingling or numbness in your toes
• Bunions
• Symptoms worsen with running, standing, being barefoot, or high-impact sports

Treatment

• Rest
• Ice therapy
• Elevation
• Foot soaks
• Foot rub
• Changing footwear
• Using custom shoes or inserts

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