Harvard Study Links Church Attendance and Reduced Depression

Harvard Study Links Church Attendance and Reduced Depression


Depression is an issue that has become a major problem across America over the past several decades. In fact, it’s an issue that’s touching almost every part of the world. Despite therapists’ best efforts, it seems that fighting the depression epidemic is an uphill battle. There is good news – the solution may be found in the church.

A recent study conducted by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health showed evidence that people who attended church services regularly suffered less depression. Churchgoers also face a lower risk of death from despair. Keep reading to find out more about the study.

Details of the Study on Church Attendance and Improved Mental Health

The study was led by Ying Chen, ScD, an empirical research scientist for the Human Flourishing Program at Harvard University. Other researchers included:

  • Dr. Howard Koh, Professor of the Practice of Public Health Leadership at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health
  • Dr. Ichiro Kawachi, Professor of Social Epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

churchThe study’s specific purpose was to examine the relationship between religious service attendance and deaths from despair. There were 109,533 participants in the study. Almost 66,500 were women. The participants were all employed in the healthcare profession, with the women being registered nurses and the men being in several different healthcare categories.

Since all participants were in healthcare careers, that makes this study somewhat biased. However, the participants’ demographics varied widely, so the study could still be applied to a wide variety of people.

While the study was conducted from September of 2018 to July of 2019, the researchers used data pulled from prior surveys. The registered nurses’ data was pulled from the Nurses’ Health Study II (NHSII) from 2001 through 2017, and the men’s data was pulled from Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) from 1988 through 2014.

The results were determined from a question on each survey that asked participants how often they participated in religious services. This was tallied up along with the number of deaths from each group’s despair over the given timeframe. Using these numbers, researchers concluded that the rate of death due to despair was lower among churchgoers.

What You Can Pull from the Study on the Links Between Church Attendance and Depression

This study was a bit basic in nature. It didn’t specify which religions were more prevalent in the study or whether their careers in the healthcare field affected the outcomes. However, you can still take away the fact that attending religious services does decrease the risk of death from despair.

Does this mean you should start going to church? Maybe.

If you or someone you know are suffering from depression that is serious enough to contemplate taking drugs or committing suicide, you should probably seek professional help. However, if you aren’t that far gone yet, attending religious services could change your spirit enough to spark some positivity in your life. You don’t have anything to lose by giving it a try.

What are the Deaths of Despair?

Deaths of despair is a phrase that sounds like a good thriller movie or a popular rock band, but unfortunately, it’s not anything pleasant or entertaining. It’s a blanket term to describe a category of self-inflicted deaths that occur because the victim has a bleak outlook on life. In other words, it happens because the victim is severely depressed. Understanding the study’s significance is easier once you understand what deaths of despair are and the impact these deaths have on society.

There are three categories of deaths of despair: suicide, drug overdose, and deaths attributed to alcoholism (alcohol liver disease). In these categories, deaths are on the rise, which is why research in these areas is so important. The fact that depression is the driving factor in these deaths also means that doctors, scientists, and researchers must continue to study depression and search for ways to cure it, or at least ways to help people cope with it better.

Statistics on Depression

People are sad. The world is in turmoil, and some people can’t cope with it. Many positive things happen in society, but the negative things can be so overwhelming that people can’t see the bright side. Because of this, depression is becoming an epidemic.

Depression is something that affects everyone, no matter gender, race, age, social class, or religion. Sure, certain groups could be more at risk than others, but depression is a widespread problem. Here are some statistics that can help you put depression in perspective.

suicide and depression hotline*Statistics provided by the World Health Organization (WHO), and the U.S. News & World Report (USN)

  • More than 264 million people worldwide suffer from depression.
  • In low- to middle-income countries, 76% and 85% don’t get treated for depression.
  • China has the highest rate of depression, India comes in second place, and the United States comes in third place.
  • More women, around 7.1% more, suffer from depression than men.
  • Almost 10% of all Americans ages 18 and older will suffer from at least one major depressive episode.

Depression can occur due to many reasons. Sometimes a person may not even be truly depressed – it could be a side effect from some other condition. However, no matter what the cause is, the outcome can be the same. The next sections will break down each category of deaths of despair.


There are an alarming number of suicides each year, and the rate is steadily rising. In fact, it’s the category that attributes to the highest number of deaths of despair. The rate of suicide seems to correlate with the number of mental illness cases. In fact, most people who commit suicide seem to have a diagnosable mental illness.

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death for people ages 15 to 24 years old. It’s also the leading cause of death in Caucasian men that are 85 years old or older. Four times more men commit suicide than women. In data pulled from WHO in 2016, it shows that European males had the highest suicide rate in the world.

Suicide is preventable if the victim has enough people in their life to recognize the signs. It can be hard to recognize them, especially because many people hide their depression well. However, if you notice any odd behavior from a friend or loved one, don’t hesitate to get them some help.

Drug Overdose

Deaths from drug overdoses can be controversial because many people think that drug addicts choose to be drug addicts. In most cases, this isn’t true. Most drug addicts turn to drugs to escape an unhappy life. They were already suffering from depression, they got hooked on drugs, and now the depression is even worse because they can’t stop.

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