Are you looking for a vegetable to spice up your diet in a healthy way? If yes, then broccoli, also called Brassica oleracea italica, is the vegetable you want. The dark green crucifer is not only delicious but also has a multitude of nutrients that are vital to your wellbeing.
Here are 21 broccoli health benefits:
1. Contains Bioactive Compounds, Minerals, and Vitamins
Broccoli has the advantage of having a variety of nutrients. It has various fiber, vitamins, minerals, and other bioactive compounds. The vegetable can be eaten raw or cooked and offers different nutrient profiles.
Various cooking methods like steaming, stir-frying, boiling, and microwaving change the nutrient composition of the vegetable, especially decreasing vitamin C, sugar, and soluble protein. Steaming has the least adverse effects.
2. Has Potent Antioxidants
Antioxidants are elements that neutralize or inhibit cell damage created by free radicals. It can lead to a general health-protective impact and reduced inflammation.
Broccoli has high amounts of glucoraphanin, which converts into sulforaphane antioxidant during digestion. According to research, sulforaphane has multiple health benefits like reduced development of chronic disease, oxidative stress, high blood sugar, and high cholesterol levels.
3. Reduced Inflammation
This crucifer contains a variety of bioactive compounds that can minimize inflammation in the tissues of the body. A flavonoid called Kaempferol in this vegetable reveals powerful anti-inflammatory impacts, according to research.
A study of tobacco smokers showed that consuming the crucifer caused an essential decrease in inflammation markers.
4. Protection against Particular Types of Cancer
The vegetable has numerous bioactive compounds that help to decrease damage to cells caused by particular chronic diseases. According to studies, eating this crucifer may prevent cancers of the bladder, colon, prostate, kidney, stomach, and breast.
5. Blood Sugar Control
If you have diabetes, consuming this crucifer will aid in better control of blood sugar. The mechanism may not be known but could be linked to the antioxidant content of the vegetable. Research shows that consuming the crucifer daily could decrease insulin resistance in persons with type 2 diabetes.
Another study reveals that the crucifer reduces blood sugar in addition to reducing damage to the pancreas. Also, due to its high fiber content, it leads to lower blood sugar. This is one of the most vital broccoli health benefits.
6. Heart Health
High levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides is a significant risk factor when it comes to heart disease. Research shows that regular consumption of this crucifer can aid in reducing triglyceride and bad cholesterol levels and increasing levels of good cholesterol.
Research also reveals that particular antioxidants contained in the sprout could decrease the general risk of heart attack. Moreover, due to the high levels of fiber in the sprout, it is linked to lower risk of heart attack.
7. Healthy Digestion and Reduced Constipation
Due to the high content of antioxidants and fiber in the crucifer, you will have a healthy digestive system and bowel function. It is vital that you have healthy gut bacteria and bowel regularity.
Research has shown that the crucifer leads to favorable adjustments in gut bacteria as well as decreased levels of inflammation in the colon. People who consume this vegetable can defecate easily.
8. Healthy Brain Function and Slow Mental Decline
Some bioactive compounds and nutrients in the crucifer could support healthy nervous tissue and brain function as well as reduce mental decline, making it one of the most crucial broccoli health benefits. A study showed that regular consumption of this dark green vegetable could resist mental decline linked to aging.
9. Slow Aging Process
The aging process is caused by a decline in metabolism and increased oxidative stress. Even though aging is natural, your diet may determine the development of diseases that are age-related.
According to research, sulforaphane found in the crucifer, can slow down the biochemical aging process through heightening the expression of antioxidant genes.
10. Healthy Immune System
The immune system of humans is complex and needs numerous nutrients for proper functioning. Vitamin C is the most vital nutrient for immune function and is found in high levels in this crucifer. Research reveals that vitamin C has a significant role in preventing and treating various diseases. A half a cup of Brassica oleracea italica has 84 percent of the required daily intake.
11. Oral and Dental Health
The crucifer is rich in calcium and vitamin C, which reduce the risk of periodontal infection. Kaempferol is a flavonoid found in the vegetable that aids in preventing periodontitis. Research shows that sulforaphane could reduce oral cancer risk.
12. Healthy Joints and Bones
Brassica oleracea italica is a rich source of calcium and vitamin K, which help in maintaining healthy and strong bones. It also has vitamins C and A, zinc, and phosphorous that are also essential for healthy bones.
Research has revealed the ability of sulforaphane to prevent osteoarthritis.
13. Healthy Pregnancy
The crucifer is an ideal source of B vitamins, particularly B9 or folate. It is an essential nutrient for developing the fetal spinal cord and brain. Studies reveal that regular consumption of the sprout by a pregnant mother could aid in the healthier cognitive development of the fetus.
14. Skin Protection from Sun Damage
According to studies, bioactive compounds in the crucifer could assist in protecting your skin against UV radiation, which causes skin cancer.
15. Vision Health
Research shows that the sprout could prevent blindness. This is due to the antioxidant called sulforaphane that safeguards your eyes from UV radiation. It also helps to avoid other serious eye diseases such as macular degeneration and cataracts. Other nutrients found in this vegetable that are important to your vision are vitamin C, zeaxanthin, and lutein.
16. Improved Sexual Health of Men
The crucifer is rich in folate that enhances the production of semen, causing improved fertility and more powerful orgasms. The crucifer also has vitamin A that increases the sperm count. It also prevents bladder cancer, which is more common in males than females.
17. Hair is Imparted with Luster
The crucifer’s seed oil has a special fatty acid composition that is responsible for making your hair shine. This omega-9 fatty acid is also referred to as erucic acid and offers your hair a natural and smooth sheen. This is one of the most amazing broccoli health benefits.
18. Reduced Cholesterol Levels
The sprout is high in soluble fiber and reduces the levels of cholesterol in your body, making it one of the essential broccoli health benefits. The fiber binds with bile acids in the digestive system to make it easy to remove cholesterol from your body.
19. Prevention of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
ALS is a neurological disorder that causes nerve cells to die. Due to high amounts of carotenoids in Brassica oleracea italica, its regular intake prevents ALS.
20. Prevention of Anemia
The crucifer is rich in folic acids and iron that are essential in the prevention of anemia. It also has copper that helps to improve red blood cell production.
21. Prevention of High Blood Pressure
The sprout is rich in fiber and antioxidants that aid to regulate insulin. As a result, the blood pressure of your body will be regulated.
Here are 10 Broccoli Recipes: